Beware of Tuberculosis  

Article   Dr. Purushottam Adhikari  on Sun, Jun 03 2018 09:40 PM 1771 Views 0 Comments No recommendations yet !!!

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease of lungs caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Acid fast bacilli Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent of tuberculosis

Latent TB is symptomless. Active TB has following symptoms:
-    Coughing sometimes with mucus or blood
-    Fever with chills
-    Night sweats
-    Fatigue
-    Loss of weight
-    Loss of appetite
It can later lead to:
-    Spinal and bone infection
-    Brain infection causing meningitis
-    Infection of liver and kidney
-    Infection of GI tract

Risk factors:
-    Smoking
-    People with HIV/AIDS
-    Elderly age group
-    Malnutrition
-    Chronic lung diseases

Mode of transmission:
Droplets aerosol while coughing and sneezing

-    Sputum microscopy and culture
-    Chest X ray
-    Blood examination

Anti tuberculosis regimen as prescribed by National Tuberculosis Programme Regimen. Various DOTS centre are there in most of the places for the free distribution of drugs through the government health channels.

-    Wearing face masks
-    Covering mouth
-    Ventilating rooms
-    Isolation of the diseased


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