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NECROTISING FASCITIIS

It is spreading inflammation of the skin, deep fascia and soft tissues with extensive destruction, toxaemia commonly due to Streptococcus pyogenes infection, but often due to mixed infections like anaerobes,

coliforms, gram-negative organisms.

Simply it can be described as necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue and fascia with relative sparing of the underlying muscle.

Symptoms

  • fatigue
  • weakness
  • fever with chills and sweating
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • dizziness
  • infrequent urination

                               

Causes

Several types of bacteria cause necrotizing fasciitis. The most common and well-known type is group AStreptococcus. However, this isn’t the only type of bacteria that can cause this infection. Other bacteria that can cause necrotizing fasciitis include:

  • Aeromonas hydrophila
  • Clostridium
  • Escherichia coli
  • Klebsiella
  • Staphylococcus aureus

Diagnosis

  • Cellulitis
  •  Abscess

Risk Factors

•    have chronic heart or lung disease
•    use steroids
•    have skin lesions
•    abuse alcohol or inject drugs

 

Treatment

Treatment begins with strong antibiotics. These are delivered directly into your veins. The tissue decay means that the antibiotics might not be able to reach all of the infected areas. As a result, it’s important for doctors to remove any dead tissue immediately. In some cases, amputation of one or more limbs may be necessary to help stop the spread of the infection.