It is spreading inflammation of the skin, deep fascia and soft tissues with extensive destruction, toxaemia commonly due to Streptococcus pyogenes infection, but often due to mixed infections like anaerobes,
coliforms, gram-negative organisms.
Simply it can be described as necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue and fascia with relative sparing of the underlying muscle.
- fever with chills and sweating
- infrequent urination
Several types of bacteria cause necrotizing fasciitis. The most common and well-known type is group AStreptococcus. However, this isn’t the only type of bacteria that can cause this infection. Other bacteria that can cause necrotizing fasciitis include:
- Aeromonas hydrophila
- Escherichia coli
- Staphylococcus aureus
• have chronic heart or lung disease
• use steroids
• have skin lesions
• abuse alcohol or inject drugs
Treatment begins with strong antibiotics. These are delivered directly into your veins. The tissue decay means that the antibiotics might not be able to reach all of the infected areas. As a result, it’s important for doctors to remove any dead tissue immediately. In some cases, amputation of one or more limbs may be necessary to help stop the spread of the infection.