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FLU/INFLUENZA

It is a common infectious disease caused by influenza virus and affects respiratory system.

Virus Classification
Influenza virus A
Influenza virus B
Influenza virus Cpiratory system. 

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • cough
  • Runny Nose
  • Sneezing
  • Body ache
  • Redness of eye
  • fatigue
  • petechial rashes
  • Diarrhoea and abdominal pain may be seen in children.
  • Influenza is a mixture of symptoms of common cold and pneumonia, body ache, headache, and fatigue.

Causes

The flu is caused by influenza virus types A, B, and C. Both type A and type B flu viruses are responsible for the seasonal outbreaks of flu. Type A flu viruses are found in many different animals, including ducks, chickens, pigs, and horses. Influenza B viruses circulate widely only among humans.

Preventions

Infection control Vaccination especially in immune compromised individuals (children, old age, AIDS patients, COPD individuals
 

Complications

Usually lasts longer than common cold and common complication is Pneumonia. It is life threatening in weak, young and old, or chronically ill patients. HIV and transplant recipient patients suffer severe from this disease. It can worsen heart diseases and can even cause congestive heart failure.