Bulimia is an eating disorder. It is characterized by uncontrolled episodes of overeating followed by purging by inducing vomiting or use of laxatives.
Most often females, at their teens are affected. People from the family with eating disorder, mental health illness and physical illness are affected mostly
- Normal or above average body weight
- Self-induced vomiting (secretly)
- Excessive exercise
- Excessive fasting
- Peculiar eating habits or rituals
- Inappropriate use of laxatives or diuretics
- Irregular or absence of menstruation
- Discouraged feelings related to dissatisfaction with themselves and the way their body looks
- Preoccupation with food, weight, and body shape
The cause is not known.
Diagnosis is based on the history told by patient.
· Stomach rupture
· Dental problems
· Irregular menstrual periods
· Kidney problems
· Diminished sex drive
· Addictions, substance abuse, and/or compulsive behavior
· Depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and other mental health problems
· Suicidal behavior
- Non pharmacological: individual therapy (cognitive behavioral psychotherapy, interpersonal psychotherapy), family therapy
- Pharmalcological: fluoxetine, bupropion ,topiramate, lithium, valproate etc.