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BRONCHITIS

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of your bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from your lungs. There are two main types of bronchitis: acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis, often caused by the same viruses that cause colds, usually starts as a sore throat, runny nose or sinus infection, and then spreads to your airways. It can cause a lingering dry cough, but it usually goes away on its own. In chronic bronchitis, a type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), the inflamed bronchi produce a lot of mucus, leading to cough and difficulty getting air in and out of the lungs.

Symptoms

  • Cough
  • Production of sputum, which can be clear, white, yellowish-gray or green in color — rarely, it may be streaked with blood
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Slight fever and chills
  • Chest discomfort

Causes

  • Acute: Viruses similar to common cold
  • Chronic: Smoking, environmental pollutants

Diagnosis

  • Chest x-ray
  • Sputum test
  • Pulmonary function test

Preventions

  • Stop smoking
  • Hand washing
  • Influenza vaccines
  • Use of face masks

Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • Decreased immunity
  • Dust, irritants
  • Gastric reflux

Complications

  1. Can turn into pneumonia and if recurrent then COPD can occur.

Treatment

  • Acute:
  • Antibiotics: Useless unless it is whooping cough or bacterial pneumonia
  • Decongestants
  • Bronchodilators: to dilate the bronchial tube for wheezing
  • Adequate fluid intake
  • Chronic: As for COPD
  • Bronchodilators
  • Antibiotics for infection

Oxygen therapy for severe cases