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Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that begins in your bladder — a balloon-shaped organ in your pelvic area that stores urine.

Bladder cancer begins most often in the cells that line the inside of the bladder. Bladder cancer typically affects older adults, though it can occur at any age.


  • Blood in urine (hematuria) — urine may appear bright red or cola colored. Or urine may appear normal, but blood may be detected in a microscopic examination of the urine.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Painful urination.
  • Back pain.
  • Pelvic pain.


  • Bladder inflammation
  • Smoking and other chemical exposures
  • Consumption of nitrates in smoked and cured meat
  • Chemotherapy Some drugs used to treat other cancers may increase the risk of bladder cancer.



  • Stop smoking
  • Avoid exposures to industrial chemicals
  • Avoid exposure to arsenic


Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • Increasing age
  • Being  male
  • Exposures to certain chemical
  • Previous cancer treatment
  • Chronic bladder inflammation
  • Personal and family history of cancer