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Baldness is hair loss, or absence of hair. Baldness is usually most noticeable in the scalp and more common in man. 


  • Hair loss: is the only symptoms but it can occur in various pattern:
  • Female pattern: generalized thinning all over head
  • Male pattern: this is usually inherited. Hair loss usually starts from front or sides or crown
  • Alopecia areata: sudden loss of hair in one particular area
  • Scarring alopecia: scarred area may prevent regrowth of hair.
  • Toxic alopecia: may occur after high fever


Genetic predisposition and male hormone contributes. Injury leading to scar also cause hair loss over scarred area.


by medical history and clinical examination

Risk Factors

  • Aging
  • Change in hormones
  • Family history of baldness
  • Illness
  • Burns
  • Injury
  • Iron or protein deficiency


  • Medication to promote hair growth(eg. Minoxidil, finasteride etc.)
  • Corticosteroid injection (for alopecia areata)
  • Hair transplant