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BRAIN TUMOR

A brain tumor is a mass or growth of abnormal cells in your brain or close to your brain.Many different types of brain tumors exist. Some brain tumors are noncancerous (benign), and some brain tumors are cancerous (malignant). Brain tumors can begin in your brain (primary brain tumors), or cancer can begin in other parts of your body and spread to your brain (secondary, or metastatic, brain tumors).How quickly a brain tumor grows can vary greatly. The growth rate as well as location of a brain tumor determines how it will affect the function of your nervous system.

Symptoms

  • Siezures
  • Increased intracranial pressure: headache, vomiting, double vision, alteration of consciousness
  • Personality and emotional changes
  • Paralysis
  • Unable to perform learned activities. Eg: cycling, calculation
  • Hallucinations
  • Gradual loss of balance

Diagnosis

  • Skull X- ray
  • CT- scan/ MRI
  • EEG
  • Biopsy

Risk Factors

  • Older age
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Family history

Treatment

The modalities differ with the specific type of tumor.

  • Relief of raised intracranial pressure: By using shunts
  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy